Bushcraft trip - shelter building, boat down river, reindeer skin, meat [lean-to part 1]
Overnight trip. I take a traditional wooden boat down river, find a location and start building a lean-to shelter from natural materials - no rope or nails. Open the full video description for more information.
This is par 1. All episodes can you see here de-visions.com/detail/video-y9jIUl5tQU4.html
Date: 10-09-2019 to 11-09-2019
Day: 10°C (50°F)
Night: 8°C (46,4°F)
Location: Sapmi - the land of the Sami people in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Clean and remote classic northern wilderness. Fresh water rivers. Pine, spruce and birch forrest. Mountains, bears, wolves, eagles, reindeers etc. No wildlife is giving campers problems. I can't give you any information about my location, only that I am somewhere in Sapmi. You need to be the owner or get the owners permission if you want to do the same.
Consuming: Water (meltwater) and spruce tea (hot and cold). Meat (pig) with salt or spruce/pine campfire smoke as spices.
A few questions:
1. Why do the meat have that color/surface?
It is just raw meat that I did hang outside in the wind one day before the trip - the wind dries the surface and gives that great color.
2. Is the water safe to drink?
Yes. Almost all water in Sapmi can you drink straight from the source. All can do it and a lot do.
3. Why the roof extension?
Extra protection against rain if the the wind change direction. The wall/roof on a lean-to shelter without birch bark or another truely waterproof layer need to be steep so water is likely to run off instead of though. Only one angle does work, but the need for that angle to be steep offers limited roof cover, even if you make it very tall. Adding a small extension in a more horizontal angel makes it a lot harder for the wind to blow rain directly inside the shelter. You always want a lean-to to face away from where the wind usually comes from, but the wind direction will change once in a while. The extension does also give you the option of making a relative low lean-to that reflects heat back to you more efficient that a big/tall lean-to.
4. Is the shelter waterproof?
No - but well enough. You need to add birch bark or other waterproof material before it becomes truly waterproof... but if you add a thick layer of moss and poles close together in a steep angle will it keep you dry in most rain - you just keep adding moss until you're satisfied. The moss works by sucking up the rain and moss can hold a lot of water before it starts dripping - wind and heat from the fire and heat from the sun will make the water evaporate... and the water will also slowly run down though the moss towards the bottom. The goal is to have a thick enough layer of moss that the water will run off before going though (or in most cases just enough moss that it can suck up all the rain) - but having clean poles tight together will help a lot with making the water run off down the poles in case it does get though the moss and prevent water dripping down inside the shelter. In this case did I add extra roof in a more horizontal angle and that part of the roof is a lot less waterproof. Over all does moss "waterproof" well enough for simple shelters like lean-to. It takes a few days with rain before the moss is full of water. Snow is not a problem.
5. What did damage the birch tree next to the boat?
Beavers. A lot of beaver activity in the area - making dames in the river and cutting down trees along the river-side.
6. What is the white plants on the ground?
Moss. I know it as "Reindeer moss".
Website including gear list and other basic information www.runemaltebertramnielsen.com
Gear used in the video that isn't listed on the website anymore:
1. Pants = Klattermusen Gere 2.0 Regular
2. Boots = Redback original
3. Backpack = M39 swedish military
4. Kettle = Eagle 1.5 L
Video gear: Canon EOS RP, Canon 50 1.8, Røde videomicpro+, Zoom h2n, iMovie.